IT controls Manual vs Automated


IT controls Manual vs Automated
IT controls Manual vs Automated

Manual Control:

Manage Activities in a group could be either physical or IT/Automated/Programmed

 Manual management is executed by people (e.g. Authorization, Review, Reconciliations).

IT/Automated/Programmed Control:

A programmed Manage is executed by computer software (e.g. corroboration checks). IT Manage are a further secret between two types i.e.

IT General Manage(ITGC) and IT Application Manage


IT General Controls (ITGC):

 IT universal manage are those administer that operate at thing grade and tell to all or any requests.

General management helps the effectual performance of application Manage by ensuring the sustained good process of IT scheme.

Examples of IT General Controls:

Following are the main categories of IT General Manage:

Manage over scheme Acquisition (to ensure Computer-based information schemes and requests are urbanized reliable with thing’s objectives.)

Manage over System preservation (to ensure the system is appropriately updated and changed)

Mange over agenda alters (To prevent/notice not permitted program changes)

Access Manage (To stop illegal access/alteration to agenda and data records)

 Manage over Data Center and computer operation (To make sure permanence of process.

Controls over Data Center and processor operation.

Safety events for the defense of gear against flames, deluge, shutdown, robbery, or another disaster.

 Tragedy revival Plan/unforeseen event Plan e.g.

 Offsite storage space of endorsement data.

 Stand by preparations with a third party to offer “technical support” in the occasion of adversity.

 Cover reporting for IT communications.

 Controls (over Programs and Data) Access

1-To avoid unauthorized physical access:

 Controlled solitary entrance point with visitors’ logs.

Door tresses with the log-in purpose (e.g. passwords, access cards, biometric).

Recognition badges

Apprehension & CCTV System

2-To avoid unauthorized logical access:

Each consumer has a unique Log-in ID and codeword (which is difficult to deduction and is distorted occasionally).  There are admission rights for every user. which are occasionally review (to ensure separation of duties).

Inactive accounts are disabled after a pre-distinct era of non-practice (e.g. of terminated employees).

Audit-Trail and scheme-Logs are obtainable for all imperative behavior.

Use of firewalls to stop unofficial access via the internet.

Manage over scheme gaining

Uses of scheme growth Life series for intending, growth, indoctrination of new computer scheme.

Full certification of the new arrangement.

Testing of schemes before execution.

Preparation of employees before “live” process of the new scheme.

The new scheme should be officially accepted by scheme-user

Manage over scheme Maintenance

(Manage over scheme Maintenance)

Manage over agenda Changes

Changes to the agenda should be accepted by a suitable level of organization.

There should be a separation of responsibility between the everyday jobs of the programmer (who writes the agenda) and the worker (who uses the agenda).

There should be full certification of all agenda changes

Manage overuse of plan and statistics.

Training of workstation workers with “Standard Operating events” and “Job preparation” to identify which account of the agenda should be used.

 Supervisors should observe the behavior of employees.

The organization should take out episodic reviews to ensure that the right versions program and correct data records are being used.

Let’s converse about other connected notions.

Audit Trail:

Audit Trail is the aptitude of users to draw a contract through all of its dispensation stages. Audit follow can be given by scheme-logs.

System Log:

 A log folder is a file that minutes events taking put in the implementation of a scheme. Logs supply necessary information that can support in analyze and civilizing the system’s presentation.

Examples of system logs include

When workers entered and left the structure

Which consumer logged in, when and from where

Unsuccessful log-in effort.

Who admission and alter data file.

Modify made to an agenda – what when and by whom

Effort cyber interruption.

IT Application controls:

IT Application management typically operates at a business procedure level and be valid to the dispensation of dealings in-person applications (e.g. sales or purchase or operating cost).

Application management helps to make sure that dealings are correctly official, precisely process, and opportune dispersed.

Examples of IT Application controls:

 Following are the main categories of IT Application Manage:

Manage over Input

Manage over Processing

Manage over Output

Reins over Master File/Rank Data

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